The olive tree, an olive tree species unique to the Mediterranean climate, is considered to be an amazing tree species with a lifetime of over a thousand years, but it can be considered to be such an efficient and harmonious tree species that offers countless benefits to man and nature, from leaf to fruit and even to the core of fruit.
Leaves Of Olive Tree
Olive tree leaves tanen, essential oils, organic acids and contains resin substances. It is used as an appetite suppressant, diuretic and as a diuretic, and it is also used as a blood pressure regulator in the treatment of diabetes. Olive tree, which manifests itself in the dermocosmetic field with numerous products, is frequently used in products such as soap and shampoo. Hair loss is the most common cause of hair loss in men and women. It has anti-wrinkle effects and beautifying the skin.
Even in the scriptures, the miraculous olive tree, which is mentioned as a source of healing, grows spontaneously from the core or the fleshy part of its fruit. However, in this way the yield is less. The olive tree, which has been vaccinated and reclaimed, produces high quality fruits. The fruits are processed in a variety of ways, such as eating or eating green breakfast, and the fleshy portion of the fruit is squeezed and the oil extracted is used in many areas.
Aegean, Marmara, Mediterranean and southeastern Anatolia regions produced in the olive feeder is one of the very high-value foods. In addition to the vegetable protein, calcium, phosphorus, sulfur, chlorine, magnesium, vitamins A, C and e are found in olives. It is also very useful for the health of the heart and vascular zeytin seeds küspe, fuel, etc .. it is also known to be made.
Olive Tree Growing
In suitable climatic conditions, it takes 20 years to get full capacity yield from the olive tree which becomes fruit after 5-6 years of cultivation and this yield increases every year. The olive tree, which continues to be fertile until the age of 150, can live for hundreds of years, but its yield is decreasing.
2. Health Benefits Of Olive
It is one of the most useful fruit trees with olive, fruit, oil, seed and pulp and even leaf of our tables. Olive is not just about counting the health benefits. As a food, both fruits and oils can be consumed with health, as well as oils and ingredients extracted from fruits and leaves are used in both the food sector and in the pharmaceutical sector.
Nutrient Value Of Olives
Approximately 50 green olives have 145 calories. In addition to the fat, carbohydrates, protein and omega 3, omega 6 fatty acids, as well as the nutrient fiber, which is estimated daily need, vitamin A, 8% of daily need, vitamin A, vitamin K, niacin, Folate, calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium, copper and selenium, 1-3% of daily need to meet mineral and metals. Therefore, the health benefits of Olives are quite high. The same amount of black olives is around 210 calories.
What Are The Health Benefits Of Olive?
Among the health benefits of olive, especially on the circulatory system that can be considered the most positive effects. Because of the antioxidants it contains, it is known to have effects that protect the cardiovascular health and reduce the risk of heart attack. Research has determined the preventive effects of extra virgin olive oil on colon cancer. Cholesterol-stabilizing properties, as well as the treatment of some allergic disorders in terms of iron mineralıyla hair, nail health and red blood cells are supported by the protection. The ulcer of black olives can easily be consumed by those with a lack of gastritis. It is used in hair care because of its hydrate and fatty acids, it makes skin look young, nervous and healthy in terms of vitamin E and it has preventive effects on the eyes due to aging due to vitamin A.
Benefits Of Olive Leaf
The health benefits of olive are not limited to fruit and oil. Olive leaves from sinusitis treatment, bacterial diarrhea, high blood pressure, virus, bacteria, fungal diseases, treatment and immune system supporting a lot of benefits are seen.
3. Growing Olive Trees
Olive tree to grow according to the land structure to be planted, soil yield or waterability status should be taken into account, normal fertile lands per acre 25-30 olive tree should be planted. In a fertile land, an olive tree planted with appropriate methods starting from the third year, usually young trees reach the product in the fifth year. Given that the olive tree can last hundreds of years, it is perfectly natural that its efficiency continues to increase over the years. The main reason for obtaining efficiency is to make the necessary maintenance and preparation of the appropriate conditions for the production. In fact, the olive tree is a tree that can grow on its own in nature. While the yield of the vaccinated olive trees is increasing, it should be known that they listen very efficiently for a year or less.
Growing olive trees is also a very profitable investment. On average, 10 kg per tree per year. up to 90 kg. Olive Tree is an indispensable source of food and trade for Mediterranean countries. Olive is one of the easiest plants to care compared to other products. It is important to leave a distance of several meters between the trees because of the wide liking of the planting area.
Geographical Conditions In Which It Grows
In order to grow olive trees, although low-altitude geographies are selected, olive trees can be cultivated at a height of 1,000 meters above sea level. However, the effect of height to yield can be seen. The climate is hot in summers and temperate in winters. Even if the yield is reduced, the olive tree can adapt itself to the climatic conditions of the region where it grows. The olive tree is dry at -12°C.
Structure Of Olive Tree
Some of the olive trees have the ability to make a root, so that the root is constantly feeding the stems and branches by giving new roots. Extremely durable and easily reproducible olive tree is one of the most suitable tree species to fight against erosion. He could be 10 meters tall. Their shoots are grey and unobtrusive. One last suggestion for those who want to grow an olive tree, tree pruning, rejuvenating and vaccines are very good response, you must make pruning.
4. How To Make Olive Cultivation?
Olive tree fruit, branch, oil, root and leaf and fruit pulp thanks to the seed is an efficient tree that contributes to the manufacturer. Olive agriculture after the appropriate climate and conditions in 4-5 years after the end of Agriculture and begins to give fruit. Flowering of the tree may be from mid-April to mid-May. Flowers bloom in small fragrant clusters just below the leaves at the end of spring. Clusters occur on average about 10-25 flowers. For periods of high quality flowering, 1-2% of the flowers hold fruit and this is sufficient level to obtain a good product. Because olive flowers are pollinated by wind, their fruits grow as fleshy and greasy.
Root release and branching
For olive cultivation, seed roots are grown from seed to steel until the age of three to four. Then, instead of the roots, tubers form fringe and form a new root system. Immediately below the surface of the soil itself, these fringing roots continue to grow and spread depending on the age of the olive tree. This development in the root system varies according to soil yield, good ventilation and water intake. In the beautiful airy soil, the root expands in narrow space after moving perpendicular downwards. This depth is sometimes six to seven meters. In the land that can not be taken away, the root depth decreases and grows horizontally. This situation affects a lot of efficiency in the next period. In non-irrigated gardens, the root system usually goes perpendicular to the root development is less, while in irrigated gardens it develops on a surface and concentrates after the 70-80 cm portion of the tree.
Pruning is very important for olive cultivation. When a branch of a tree comes out, it weakens the root system that corresponds to it, and it will continue to release new roots in relation to the development of a new branch. The olive tree always has an integrity with its body and root system under the soil.
5. Olive tree species and harvest
It is not a coincidence that the olive tree, which has a mythological significance in history, has passed as a holy fruit in many stories and that the branch symbolizes peace. This tree belonging to the zeytingil family is one of the rare tree species that has adapted to the Mediterranean climate, preserves the green color of the Four Seasons and does not shed leaves. Olive tree varieties vary according to the type of olive tree, the climate in which it grows, soil structure, maintenance methods and the degree of maturity.
The olive tree species that grow spontaneously in nature, as well as being cultivated and cultivated by cultivating, can be grown and made more efficient. The olive tree planted from the seedlings is less root and delicate. However, the trees that reproduce naturally from the seed are not easily removed. Olive tree species given to the table, according to varieties of oil is vaccinated in our country as a variety is planted.
Leaves of olive tree
Olive tree leaves live a lifetime of two and a half years if they do not suffer from a disease. It always looks green thanks to the continuous regeneration of the foliage system. They contain high amounts of chlorophyll and have a dark green color. The height of the leaves varies according to age, strength and environmental conditions. Leaves also show the health status of the tree. Well-cared, not enough water or fertilizer in the trees that need to yellowing and loss of leaves is evident.
Fruit species and harvest
Olive tree species are vaccinated according to the type of fruit, regional differences are a fruit. Fruits are found in many kinds of foods, and they are also produced as fat. Ayvalık, Büyük Topak Ulak, Çakır, Çakır, Çelebi, Çilli, Domat, Edincik water, Eğriburun, Erkence, Gemlik, Halhalı, Izmir Table, pencil, blood Çelebi, Karamürsel water, kilis oil, Cherry, Manzanilla, Mammal, Nizip oil, Samanani, Yellow Pohabi, Saurani, Rabbit heart, Uslu, oil Çelebi, Regional variety of varieties were grown.
The olive is harvested from December to February in winter months. It can be collected by hand one by one or it can be reduced by shaking with sticks. Manual picking is exhausting and requires a large number of people. In silkering with sticks, both trees and fruits are damaged. Mechanized agriculture has also recently started to be used with developing technology.